The Black Athlete Activist Leadership Model: A Framework of Engagement, Education, and Empowerment


This generation of student activists are reminiscent of those who fiercely exercised their activism in the 1960s, answering the call to social justice. In the same way, the re-emergence of 21st century Black athlete activism reflects the leadership of Black activists in the 1960s, who also took advantage of their intersecting positionality to actively dismantle anti-Blackness and inequality. To gain a deeper understanding, and increased knowledge of the lived experiences of Black college athlete activists of this generation, critical race theory was utilized as a conceptual framework on the qualitative study on Black college athletes and student activists from across the United States. No model currently exists to support and develop the leadership of Black college athlete activists and activists of color holistically from the individual, programmatic and systemic level that can be utilized in student leader support, training, and leadership development for this group. Because of this, the Black Athlete Leadership Model (BA²L) is an invitation for athletic departments, student services, and higher education practitioners overall to gain a deeper and informative understanding and support of Black college athlete activists and activists of color by taking a holistic lens and approach.


Dr. Gyasmine George Williams
Assistant Professor in Race, Sports, and Social Justice, Kinesiology , California State University, California, United States


Presentation Type

Paper Presentation in a Themed Session


Gender Equity and Policy


Activism, Advocacy, Social Justice, Sociology, Education, Practitioners, Mentorship, Community

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