In 2022 the United States Coast Guard examined the possibility of shifting traditional ASVAB-based recruitment and selection in the military to a dynamic model. After analysis of existing recruitment and selection data from the past several years, it was recommended that recruits should be assessed after multiple test attempts times in order to demonstrate their learning potential, rather than being matched to training programs on the basis of an aptitude score after only one test attempt. The study found that women and ethnic/racial minorities were more likely to persevere through the recruitment process by taking the ASVAB/AFCT multiple times, and they exhibited statistically significant improvement compared to their White and male peers over the course of their re-takes. It also concluded that learning capacity scores were fairer—meaning they were less affected by recruits’ demographic background—than single timepoint ASVAB scores. The research found that those recruits who were granted a waiver after only one ASVAB attempt were consistently and substantially more likely to fail their training programs and need to retrain. In comparison, those recruits who earned their way into their training programs by taking the ASVAB multiple times were less likely to need to retrain.
Program Manager, Voluntary Education, Career Investments Division, Coast Guard, District of Columbia, United States Mary Ann Swendsen
Training Planner, U.S. Army / DEVCOM / AvMC, Department of the Defense, Hawaii, United States
Diversity and inclusion in recruitment and selection