Islamic Work Ethics and Quality of Work Life among Arab High School Teachers in Israel


Islamic work ethics (IWE) is a multidimensional concept that originates from the Quran and the saying and practices of Mohammad Prophet. It links an organization’s prosperity and continuity to societal welfare and is based on four basic elements: effort, competition, transparency, and morally responsible conduct. Quality of Work Life (QWL) is defined as the degree to which the job includes factors related to employment that promote beneficial results for both the employees and the organization, that achieve organizational effectiveness, productivity, and outcomes. The current study examines and measures the IWE and the QWL dimensions, among Arab high school teachers in the Arab Education system in Israel. Also, it examines the relationship between IWE and the perceived QWL dimensions. Arab high school teachers’ QWL was measured using the QWL scale developed by Swamy et al., (2015), the IWE was measured using the IWE scale developed by Ali (1992). A total of 1245 teachers from 60 Arab high schools in Israel responded to the survey. The data collected were subjected to statistical processing including factor analysis, regression, and SEM analyses, using SPSS and AMOS software. Six dimensions of QWL were obtained among the study participants: Autonomy and good relations, Fringe benefits, Job security and skill utilization, Open communication and balance of resources, Fair wages, Training and skill development. Likewise, two dimensions of IWE were emerge; Dedication and social responsibility at work, Independence, diligence and achievement at work. It was also found that there is a strong positive relationship between IWE and QWL dimensions.


Afnan Haj Ali
Postdoctoral Fellow, The School of Education, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel

Ismael Abu-Saad
Professor, Education, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev


Presentation Type

Paper Presentation in a Themed Session


Educational Organization and Leadership


Quality of work life, Islamic work ethics, Arab teachers, Israel

Digital Media


Islamic Work Ethics and Quality of Work Life among Arab High School Teachers in Israel (pdf)