In urban environments, it is clearly seen that people from different ethnicities, races, regions, genders, age groups, socio-economic classes, or people with different physical abilities and powers are obliged to live together in a certain order. However, it is seen that the order in the urban public space causes a certain level of injustice and there is an increasing awareness that urban public spaces are not used similarly and equally by all members of society. Different design disciplines have also been an important force in shaping environments and setting indirect rules regarding how people live in those environments. There have been various planning approaches that are used to achieve just urban public spaces. The ideologies, methods, participants, and decision-makers during planning processes and how they set the rules of the physical conditions of the cities kept changing in coordination with the conditions of the historical periods and their reflections on the societies and cities. The main aim of this study is to clarify the concept of justice and how it is used in the field of urban planning. Firstly, the main approaches to the justice concept and its definitions are explained in light of the accompanying social and historical events. Secondly, the interpretations of the justice concept in related planning theories with different methods and policies are explained. Finally, two case studies one from the USA and one from Turkey are used to clarify the role of planning to set the rules of just urban public spaces.
Assistant Professor, Interior Architecture and Environmental Design, Izmir University of Economics, Faculty of Fine Arts and Design, Izmir, Turkey
Justice, Urban Public Space, Access, Planning, Urban Design