Design Framework of Handloom Weaving Machine in a Developing Economy: Improving Design for Personalised Ornamented Fabrics


There are approximately 5 million handloom weavers involved in the handloom sector in developing countries like India, Bangladesh, and Pakistan. Traditional handlooms are made up of wood material and have age-old technology. The majority of weavers are involved in the plain or less ornamented weaving of traditional locally used fabrics causes less earnings for handloom households. Fabrics are not uniform across locations due to non-standardized weaving machines. This research is carried out with the question “ How to improve the livelihood of weavers involved full-time in the handloom sector?” The objectives are to study the availability of raw material, the existing pre-weaving, weaving, and post-weaving process, and market demand, and to develop a design framework for an improved and healthier livelihood for handloom households. The design framework provides a pathway of growth for the interested handloom weavers involved full-time in the handloom sector. Handloom households are required to focus on personalized ornamented weaving with appropriate standard tools and machinery having scalable options for business growth.


Manohar Mahato
Student, PhD, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Assam, India, Assam, India

Amarendra Kumar Das
Department of Design, Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati


Presentation Type

Paper Presentation in a Themed Session


Design in Society


Handloom, Semi-automatic Handloom, Fly-shuttle Handloom, Jacquard, Warping drum, Creel

Digital Media

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