Nowadays the lifestyle in urban environments demands high attention to several stimuli that provokes generalized stress and anxiety. Moreover, wellbeing, equity and a wide offer of opportunities in high quality public spaces became a priority in the international agendas in the last decades. In this context, guiding architectural design to psycho-physical wellbeing is required. Therefore, it is necessary to question the current design tools in which architects rely on to include patterns in the design processes which would benefit mental and physical health. Meanwhile, it is assumed that the incorporation of concepts from environmental psychology may contribute to this issue. Essentially, because of two main reasons: (1) there are spatial qualities which impact the reciprocal relationship between human-environment; (2) the interpretation of the perceptual process enables the inclusion of appropriate design criteria to benefit the wellbeing. Hence, the bonds between individuals and space are examined through the investigation of the predominant logics in the production of urban public spaces. This strategy enables: (i) the theoretical and conceptual exploration of environmental psychology; (ii) the investigation of the relationship between the spatial perception and the built-environmental constitutive elements; and (iii) the recognition of the design qualities which promote wellbeing. As a main result and contribution to the architectural field, the inclusion of design patterns that invite the body to feel comfortable and to the mind tranquility are outlined. Finally, the incorporation of different areas of knowledge, which enrich the design in favour of the urban-human wellbeing, is considered as a main challenge.
Lecturer/PhD Fellow, Architecture Faculty, National Council of Scientific and Technical Research (CONICET) and Open Inter-American University (UAI), Santa Fe, Argentina
Public Spaces; Architecture; Environmental Psychology; Wellbeing; Design Process; Urban Environments
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