Remote Employment

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Abstract

In most countries of the world with a post-industrial type of economy, in particular in Ukraine, there is a deep transformation of the labor market and employment in general. The development of information technology was the impetus for the emergence of a remote form of employment. However, this form of work did not become widespread until almost the end of 2019 and early 2020. The rapid spread of the pandemic and restrictions imposed by states forced the shutdown of many economic sectors and the closure of schools, kindergartens, and universities. Such actions have increased the number of unemployed and reduced work. Of course, such measures do not contribute to further economic development, so the alternative was the transition to a remote form of employment in the workplace, where it was possible to do so. In connection with the outbreak of COVID-19, the world community almost overnight was forced to switch to a remote form of work in order to save their jobs. According to recent studies, in the pre-pandemic period, the share of employees who performed their work remotely reached 31 percent, whereas now this figure has increased to 88 percent. The crisis that has engulfed the whole world has also affected Ukraine: job cuts, layoffs, the closure of a large number of enterprises, and, as a result, the spread of unemployment. The main purpose of our research is to analyze the norms of the existing legislation of Ukraine regulating relations in the labor sphere, in particular those related to the work of remote workers, comparison of the regulatory framework of Ukraine and European countries, as well as our vision of further development of legislation in this area.