Man’s Soul and God’s World

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  • Title: Man’s Soul and God’s World: On the Doctrine of the “Proper Emotions” in the Teaching of Philo of Alexandria
  • Author(s): Maksim Prikhodko
  • Publisher: Common Ground Research Networks
  • Collection: Common Ground Research Networks
  • Series: Common Ground Open
  • Journal Title: The International Journal of Religion and Spirituality in Society
  • Keywords: Eupatheiai, Mind, Soul, Sense, logos, Nature, Emotions, Passion, Stoicism, Governing Principle, Hegemonikon, The Universe, Rational and Irrational Soul, Microcosm and Macrocosm
  • Volume: 14
  • Issue: 1
  • Date: October 06, 2023
  • ISSN: 2154-8633 (Print)
  • ISSN: 2154-8641 (Online)
  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.18848/2154-8633/CGP/v14i01/25-40
  • Citation: Prikhodko, Maksim. 2024. "Man’s Soul and God’s World: On the Doctrine of the “Proper Emotions” in the Teaching of Philo of Alexandria." The International Journal of Religion and Spirituality in Society 14 (1): 25-40. doi:10.18848/2154-8633/CGP/v14i01/25-40.
  • Extent: 16 pages

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Abstract

The article deals with Philo’s elaboration of the Stoic doctrine regarding the proper emotions (εὐπάθειαι): joy (χαρά), caution or watchfulness (εὐλάβεια), and wishing (βούλησις) concerning the twofold state of the human mind: an individual (within the inner soul’s structure) and the universal (relating to the world). In these two states of mind, one’s disposition toward God’s Logos is revealed. Philo puts the Stoic doctrine within the framework of Jewish theology, which considered man an essential link connecting created and uncreated nature. Philo avoids Stoics’ monism and considers the problem of the self-determination of an individual mind in the light of the relationship between man’s mind and God’s Logos as two distinct essences. Philo finds the proper model of the inner man’s world (microcosm) in the eupatheiai, which is perfectly correlated with the structure of the universe guided by God’s Logos.