Clinical Supervision in the Health Professions: A Literature Review

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Abstract

Clinical supervision has become standard practice for many health professionals. The literature on clinical supervision is vast and covers aspects of clinical supervision across various health professions, including the definitions and the practice of clinical supervision. The literature includes scholarly opinion papers, research from different methodological paradigms, meta-syntheses of existing literature, and policies. This literature review examines how clinical supervision is defined across the various health professions and explores how clinical supervision is practiced. This literature review focuses on the definitions and practices of clinical supervision, what research has been done, how the research has been done, and the models or frameworks that guide clinical supervision. The gaps identified in the literature on clinical supervision are summarized and presented.